Groot-Brittannië

 Below you will find some information in English. You may also read this.

Ik ben bijzonder geïnteresseerd in de spoorwegen en vooral de spoorweg­geschiedenis in dit deel van de wereld. Maar toen ik oud genoeg was om zelf op reis te gaan, in 1968, waren de Britse stoomlocomotieven uitgerangeerd. Ik richtte daarom mijn aandacht op andere landen, waar nog wel stoom reed. Maar ik heb bij elkaar toch flink wat bij elkaar gesprokkeld, mede dankzij een aantal spoorwegliefhebbers waarmee ik in de jaren 70 heb gecorrespondeerd (e-mail bestond toen nog niet).

Groot-Brittannië (Great Britain) is het eiland waarop Wales, Schotland en Engeland liggen. Het Verenigd Koninkrijk (United Kingdom) is de combinatie van Groot-Brittannië en Noord-Ierland.


Summary of British themes

  • De oudste stoomlocs
  • Harry Potter; Hogwarts Express
  • Roland Davies
  • Ian Allan
  • London
  • Malton; Castle Howard
  • Crossley-bussen
  • London Transport Museum
  • National Railway Museum, York
  • York Model Railway
  • Bekonscot Model Village and Railway
  • Museumlijnen
  • Ffestiniog Railway
  • Torquay, Dartmouth Steam Railway
  • Romney, Hythe & Dymchurch Railway
  • Barry (scrapyard)
  • Afscheid van de Routemaster
  • Naar Parijs en Le Mans
  • Hovercraft
  • Engelse auto's
  • Collecting dog
  • Greenwich Mean Time
  • Cigarette Cards
  • Llanfairpwllgwyngyllgogerychwyrndrobwllllantysiliogogogoch



  • British Railway History

    British Railway History 1830-1876. Hamilton Ellis. George Allen and Unwin, 1954.

    British Railway History 1877-1947. Hamilton Ellis. George Allen and Unwin, 1959 (second impression 1960).

    Summary

    The Victorian Era saw the beginning of mechanical transport. The steam railway and the steam ship rose from being mechanical curiosities to the status of world-wide carriers. The railway, indeed, changed the world in a way and on a scale never before imagined, let alone experienced; even the motor car has simply furthered the changes wrought by the railway, which was the real revolutionary agent. Save for advance in the arts and the polish of high society, the England of George III had more in common with that left by Henry VIII than with late Victorian England.

    Numerous histories of particular railway companies have been written down the years, some good, some poor, a few magnificent. But this, we believe, is the first time that the general history of British railway transport has been presented in broad outline and, as far as possible without compiling an encyclopaedia, in considerable detail. The first inter-city line, the Liverpool and Manchester of 1830, inspired the building of greater ones. Their success in turn led to the great boom, amounting to a mania, in the late eighteen forties, as a result of which railways spread far across the country.

    This first volume covers the years from 1830 to 1876, when the third and last great main line from the capital to the Border—the Midland Railway—was completed. The railway world of the mid-century, in the midst of industrial expansion, was curiously feudal. A railway magnate could act very like a robber baron, and frequently did. They went in for power politics on the grand scale, menacing their rivals and terrorising smaller companies. But there were respectable companies also, whose transactions were more in accordance with the higher morality of liberal capitalism, who drove hard bargains but honoured their agreements.

    By 1876 the robber-barons were declining and the severely respectable were very much in the ascendant. By 1876 an express train was defined as one with an average speed of not less than forty miles an hour, and the best night trains had proper sleeping cars, while on the Midland Railway all trains carried third-class passengers in reasonably comfortable carriages. The national railway system now extended from Cornwall to Caithness.

    In his History, which he prefers to call an outline, and which, he says, owes much to the initiation and appreciation of Canon Roger Lloyd, Ellis deals sympathetically with his reallife characters, whether they were admirable, or, in some cases, rather deplorable people. He traces the broad development of railway technics from their crude beginnings to the great improvements of the middle years, in motive power, signalling and braking devices, what time the newer railways blossomed in such self-conscious magnificence as that of St. Pancras in London and St. Enoch in Glasgow. The Railway had arrived, and had achieved a monopoly which was to last into the next century.

    In the long-awaited second volume of his history, Hamilton Ellis writes about the latter years—the proud years—and the passing of the railway monopoly. With both internecine war and government interference in their wake, many railway companies had high prestige, at least for a while. By 1877 there was a railway system at least distantly familiar, with an already vast network, quite handsome express trains, and tremendous traffic in coal and minerals. In 1890 came the first electric underground railway in the world in London.

    Yet during those same proud years came the motor challenge. Difficult years followed. Also there were two major wars which would have been lost without the railways. Between those wars came the grouping of the main-line undertakings into four great companies. The northern lines were shaky; the southern suffered a Press campaign, here analysed for the first time.

    In the midst of company history Ellis never forgets the railway itself—track, signals, locomotives and vehicles. He closes his narrative with the passing of the companies in 1947. He does not pull his punches, impartially castigating railway stodginess, motor chicanery and Government dishonesty. But he loves his subject and believes in railways. This volume completes the first general popularhistory of the British railway companies



    Lambourn Valley Railway

    Lambourn Valley Railway Scrapbook. Produced by British Rail Western on the occasion of the last trains on this line. Saturday 3 November 1973. Click here for a PDF OCR version (15 MB).











    The LVR line became operational on the 2nd of April 1898. It ran as an Independent Company through until 1905 after which time, it came under the wing of the the GWR. 1948 saw further change when it became part of British Railways, with whom it stayed until its final closure in 1973. The line itself was just over twelve miles in length and the journey from Newbury Station to Lambourn took approximately forty minutes. www.lambournvalleyrailway.co.uk



    Inverness-Kyle of Lochalsh

    De Kyle-lijn in Schotland

    De Kyle-lijn heet officieel de lijn Inverness-Kyle of Lochalsh, en loopt van de hoofdstad van de Schotse hooglanden, Inverness, langs berg en dal naar Kyle, met uitzicht op zee en het eiland Skye. Gesloten stations, monsters in de meren, kastelen met eigen haltes, verlaten dorpen, marinehavens, olieboortorens en dolende schapen. Aangelegd door Duitse krijgsgevangenen tijdens de Eerste Wereldoorlog door de Schotse hooglanden.

    Het Spoor, 12 juli 1986. Een radio-uitzending van de VPRO van 120 minuten.



    Great Train Robbery

    Op 8 augustus 1963 werd door de bende van Ronnie Biggs een posttrein bij Sears Crossing overvallen. De rovers gingen er vandoor met 2,6 miljoen pond. De bankbiljetten moesten eigenlijk in Londen worden vernietigd. Slechts een paar honderduizend pond is teruggevonden. Biggs wist 35 jaar lang uit handen van de Britse politie te blijven en leefde al die tijd als een ware playboy in Brazilië. Ziek en blut keerde hij 2001 naar Engeland terug om daar in hechtenis te worden genomen. In 2013 is hij overleden.



    Madurodam (The Hague)

    Meccano Magazine, November 1952: The Fairy City of Madurodam (pdf)

    Read more about Madurodam and its miniature railway.



    Schotse postzegel met Amerikaanse trein.


     

    Illustraties van Roland Davies en Barnard Way. Meer tekeningen.


    Famous trains and their routes

    Boekjes uit de jaren vijftig, geschreven en geïllustreerd door Alan Anderson, uitgegeven door Brockhampton Press, Leicester. Hierin worden acht beroemde treinen en treinroutes beschreven, uit de tijd dat vrijwel alle grote treinen nog met stoom werden gereden. Tussen de bedrijven door worden allerlei wetenswaardigheden over het spoorbedrijf behandeld.


    The Irish Mail (London - Holyhead - Dublin)
    The Cornish Riviera Express (Paddington to Penzance)
    The Flying Scotsman (King's Cross to Edinburgh)
    The Golden Arrow (London - Folkestone - Calais - Paris)
    The Red Dragon (Paddington - Severn Tunnel - South Wales)
    The Thames-Clyde Express (London - Leeds - Glasgow)
    The Royal Scott (Euston to Glasgow)
    The Blue Train (London - Paris - Mediterranean Coast)
    Ik mis het negende boekje uit deze serie: Constellation Flight, over de reis per vliegtuig van Engeland naar Australië.

    Duke of York, Railway Centenary 1925

    In 1925 werd herdacht dat een eeuw eerder de eerste treinen reden tussen Stockton en Darlington. De tentoonstelling werd geopend door de hertog van York. Deze titel wordt al eeuwenlang gegeven aan de tweede zoon van de Britse koning of koningin. In dit geval was dat prins Albert, die in 1936 zijn broer Edward III moest opvolgen. Prins Albert werd toen koning George VI, die we kunnen kennen van zijn stottertherapie in de film "The King's Speech". Sunripe Cigarettes, 1925, plaatje #1.


    Voor het goede doel

    Northern Rail staff strip off for charity calendar. Nine women and three men from Northern Rail ditched their uniforms to pose nude on station platforms and raise thousands for the Bernardo’s children’s charity (October 2010).



    A somewhat pointless obsession

    Railway Dictionary. An A-Z of railway technology. Door Alan A. Jackson. Wordsworth Reference, 1997. ISBN 1853267503. Handig boekje waarin voornamelijk Engelse en Amerikaanse spoortermen, inclusief onofficieel jargon (railway slang), worden uitgelegd. Dat gebeurt niet altijd op een waardevrije manier, meer bepaald niet als het gaat om treinliefhebbers:

    Number cruncher. A fanatical type of rly enthusiast given to collecting or 'observing' locomotives and other vehicles and recording their numbers until all have been seen. The gear carried often includes binoculars, personal tape recorder and camera. The somewhat pointless obsession is in extreme cases carried over from childhood and adoloscence into middle and old age and is almost exclusively confined to males.

    Zie ook ferroequinologist.



    The Old Railway Station


    Grazia, december 2010. www.old-station.co.uk

    Treinhotels in Amsterdam

    • In Amsterdam staat schuin tegenover het centraal station het A-Train Hotel, een driesterrenhotel met een treinthema. www.atrainhotel.com
    • Bij station Amsterdam Sloterdijk kun je slapen in oude rijtuigen in het Train Lodge Hostel. www.trainlodge.com.


    Netherlands Railways

    The ordinary British traveller, stepping from the Harwich boat at the Hook of Holland, is soon aware that Dutch rail travel is in many ways a different experience from journeys at home. (...) By the end of his first trip on the Netherlands Railways our Briton may be wondering whether this Utopia of railway punctuality, cleanliness and comfort of travel has always existed.



    Naar de bollen / Bulbfield Tours

    Deze tulpenspeldjes werden in de jaren 60 en 70 gedragen door reisleiders van de NS. Deze kregen groepen toeristen mee om hen met de trein naar allerlei steden en attracties mee te nemen. Onder andere de Keukenhof, maar ook Amsterdam, Spido-rondvaarten in de Rotterdamse haven etc. Er bestaan ook versies met een rode tulp. De twee speldjes rechts zijn uit de collectie van Lennart Visser. De letters B.R. staan voor British Railways. Deze speldjes waren bestemd voor Britse toeristen die werden rondgeleid door NS-reisleiders. Tijdens deze 'Bulbfield Tours' kwamen de toeristen per nachtboot aan in Hoek van Holland. Daarna ging het met de bus naar de Keukenhof, en aan het eind van de dag weer terug met de nachtboot. Op latere speldjes waren de letters vervangen door het logo van NS en van BR.


    Old slides brought to the fore

    British steam in the sixties - and more. Old slides brought to the fore (Flickr)




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